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Tourism in Nepal | Tourist Destinations in Nepal

Tourism in Nepal | Tourist Destinations in Nepal

Tourism in Nepal

Relatively stronger economy, new business propaganda, advancement in technologies and infrastructures, increased number of social media platforms have abridged down this huge globe into a small locus. It has been relatively easier to reach every nook and corner around the world in recent times. As a result, the tourism industry has fostered to today's extent. Tourism industry is one of the major sectors in which the economy of Nepal relies upon. From the plain lands in Terai to the highest peak in the world, Mount Everest, variation in land topography, climate, culture and traditions exist that make Nepal a perfect spot to be visited at least once in a lifetime. Due to the prolific presence of various attractions for tourists in Nepal, the tourism industry has been a helping hand in the country's economic growth.

Tourism in Nepal dates back to 1949 AD after Annapurna Himal, a massif of the Himalayas in the Northern part, was opened for the public for the ascend to its summit. In 1951 AD, Nepal was made open for international trekkers. Professional tourism started in Nepal with the successful attempt to reach the world’s highest peak, Mount Everest (Sagarmatha) by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa in 1953 AD. In 1996, His Majesty’s Government announced the year 1998 as Visit Nepal 1998 so as to set the country’s image as a special destination for visitors with a slogan “A sustainable habitat through sustainable tourism”. Thenceforth every year is celebrated to flourish tourism in Nepal. Year 2020 is being celebrated as Visit Nepal 2020 with a slogan of “Lifetime Experiences”. But it has been called off due to the ongoing pandemic of Covid-19 on 1st of March 2020.   

Nepal is a land of sheer beauty with lots of divine destinations and jaw dropping unique experiences. The topography includes huge green jungles with diverse species of flora and faunas to the icy cold mountains thus showing the possibilities of activities that the land can offer to its tourists. 

Tour in Nepal | Major Tourism Activities

Tourism in Nepal

Mountain Climbing | Nepal Mountains

Out of 14 mountains that have a height of above 8000 m from sea level, eight of them including the world's largest mountain, Mount Everest lie in Nepal. The 800 km stretch of Himalayan is one of the most formidable mountain ranges in the world. Mount Everest and Annapurna have always been a paradise for tourists interested in mountaineering. Apart from these two, Mount Lhotse, Mount Kanchanjunga, Mount Ama Dablam, Mount Makalu and many more are opened for enjoying the experience of mountaineering.

Religious activities

Nepal is a secular land. Majority of people living here follow Hinduism or Buddhism. Tourists who have religious interest visit the phenomenal temples and monasteries of the area. Pashupatinath temple in the capital city Kathmandu is a main attraction for tourists as it is one of the finest temples in the world of Lord Shiva. Muktinath in Mustang, Manakamana in Gorkha, Swargadwari in Pyuthan, Lake Gosaikunda near Dhunche, the temples at Devghat, Pathibhara near Phungling, Mahamrityunjaya Shivasan Nepal in Palpa District are some of the most historical temples around. Lumbini is the birth place of Gautam Buddha and has been a destination for lots of tourists due to the religious importance that the place holds. Swayambhunath, also known as monkey temple,and Boudhanath in Kathmandu, Namo Buddha in Kavrepalanchowk are some of the major attractions.

Trekking in Nepal | Hiking in Nepal

Nepal has been a center of attraction for tourists who love trekking. Trekking in the Himalayas opens up new vista cognizance, mingling physical dare with mental tranquility and a spiritual delight stimulated by splendid scenery and heartwarming human interactions. Different trekking routes offer a different range of lengths and difficulties and can be accessed as per the wish of tourists. Everest Base Camp Trek, Annapurna Base Camp Trek, EBC,Gokyo and Cho-la Pass Trek, Rolwaling Trek, Three Passes Trek, Dhaulagiri Circuit Trek, Island Peak Trek, Begnas Hiking, Australian Base Camp, Pokhara to Sarangkot Trek are some of the famous treks in Nepal.  

Adventure tourism in Nepal

Nepal is an ideal destination for active travellers, offering activities for nature lovers and adrenaline rush due to lots of exciting pursuits. Paragliding, rock climbing, rafting, bungee jumping, canyoning, cannoning, jungle safari and much more adventurous outdoor activities are more popular among adventure lovers. 

Paragliding

Paragliding gives tourists the opportunity to hover the aerial view of majestic Himalayas, lakes, rivers, jungles, villages, temples, monasteries and many beautiful places. The main areas for paragliding in Nepal are Pokhara, Chapakharka, Kot Danda, Fulchowki, Godawari.

Rock climbing

Rock climbing is a sport in which participants climb up or across natural rock formations or artificial rock walls. The goal is to reach the summit of a formation or the endpoint of a predefined route without falling.There are many peaks in Himalayan range in Nepal apt for enjoying rock climbing. Namche Bazar, Nagarjun Forest, Hattiban, Bimal Nagar, Nagarkot  are some of the places where rock climbing can be done.

Jungle safari

Nepal has established a good network of protected areas for flora and faunas with 12 national parks, 1 wildlife reserve, 1 hunting reserve, 6 conservation areas and 13 buffer zones that make a good spot for tourists who love adventurous jungle safari. Chitwan National Park and Bardiya National Park including other 10 national parks are rich in wildlife and plant life that include the rare one horned rhinos, bear, leopard, the Bengal tiger, different species of deer, crocodiles and even birds. The parks are very popular for elephant safari, dugout canoeing, nature walk, bird watching, jungle excursion and visit to the village of local tribes called Tharu. 

Rafting in Nepal

Rafting is a sport or pastime of travelling down a river on a raft. Nepal is  a favorite destination for rafting enthusiasts and experienced river guides who travel the world looking for the best river fun. Nepal has many rivers  from the fast flowing tumbling down the plains (Terai) there is adventure unlimited for you to explore: Trishuli River, Seti River, Bhote Koshi River, Kali Gandaki River, Marsyangdi River, Sun Koshi River, Arun River, Karnali River, Tamur River. On these rivers you will find the world's most thrilling whitewater with a wide range of difficulties, warm water and bug free beaches for camping. All this makes a wealth of unlimited opportunities for great river rafting.

Bungee jumping

Bungee jumping is an activity that comprises a person jumping from great height connected to a large elastic cord. Nepal is blessed with the beauty of nature and hills making it a good spot for bungee jumping. The Bhotekoshi Gorge and  Hemja Pokhara are two places where tourists can enjoy bungee jumping. Newly constructed Kushma bungee jumping in Parbat is the world’s second highest, most thrilling and exciting bungee jumping with a height of 228m. 

Canyoning

It is an adventure sport that involves canyons using a variety of techniques that may include other outdoor activities such as walking, scrambling, climbing, jumping, abseiling, and swimming.Tourists find Nepal a good destination for canyoning due to the presence of waterfalls and rivers. Bhotekoshi, Sunkoshi, Kakani, Marsyangdi, Sisneri are some of the places where canyoning can be done.

Off road mountain biking

The uneven terrain structure of the mountain areas in Nepal give a daredevil experience of riding a bike on it. This also helps the tourists to get closer to the rural ethnic communities, their culture and fooding habits. As Nepal is a land of festivities and celebrations, visitors can experience how Nepal is culturally diverse and rich in terms of kindness, gratitude and harmony. 

Strolling around cultural heritage sites

Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal, is known as the city of temples thus being the attraction for tourists who have a keen interest in arts, sculptures, idols, palaces, museums and their history. Museums in Nepal have a rich collection of historical, archaeological and artistic importance. Within 7 km radius of Kathmandu, there are 7 world heritage sites (Pashupatinath Temple, Baudhanath Stupa, Swayambhunath Stupa, Changunarayan Temple, Kathmandu Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square and Bhaktapur Durbar Square) which cannot be found anywhere. Wandering around these places is real  fun and gives an exposure to the Nepalese history.

Tourism in Nepal

Ecotourism in Nepal

Ecotourism is defined as “responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment, sustains the well-being of the local people, and involves interpretation and education” (TIES, 2015). It is about uniting conservation, communities, and sustainable travel. In the sixth plan (1980-1985 AD), emphasis was given for the promotion of eco tourism in Nepal by the government. Since then ecotourism has been flourishing and attracting tourists towards Nepal for wildlife viewing, wilderness camping, trekking, hiking vacations, white water rafting and many more activities. Along with the conservation of floras and faunas, national parks, conservation areas, wildlife reserve and hunting reserve have been serving as a prime destination for the tourists to enjoy jungle safari and watching wildlife closely. This is an example of ecotourism in Nepal. Moreover, except the main areas of Nepal that are easily accessible by the tourists like Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, Lalitpur, Chitwan, Pokhara, Lumbini etc, rustic areas with abundant possibilities aiding to the attraction of tourists like Manang, Mustang, Dolakha etc are being promoted for tourism.

Importance of tourism in Nepal

Importance of tourism comes to light since it brings in lots of advantages with it to any host country. It promotes the country's name around the globe. It can be a great source of income for a country. Switzerland, France, Italy, Spain and many other countries today are counted as flourished nations and the main reason behind this is development of the tourism industry. Nepal each year gets a lot of visits and is in the path of tourism development by pre planning events and activities to allure tourists. 2.68 billion rupees has been allocated for the development of the tourism industry in the recent fiscal year 2020/21.

Economic growth: For a developing country like Nepal, the tourism industry can be regarded as a bliss as it is a source of foreign exchange and royalty earnings. Tourism succours other industries like hotels, restaurants, handicrafts and many more to run in an efficient way. Nepal Rastra Bank report shows total foreign currency exchange (less return) for 2018 stood at NRs. 69,750,584 thousand, (Around 617,263 thousand US$).

Employment opportunities: Employment opportunities in tourism and hospitality sectors can be created either directly or indirectly. Direct Employment opportunities are the total number of job opportunities supported directly by travel and tourism for instance guides, employment by hotels, restaurants, rural inns and guest houses, museums, travel agencies, tourism information offices, protected areas such as national parks, palaces, religious sites, monuments, aircrafts, photography, sightseeing tours, farmhouses, local transportation. Tourism and hospitality also supports indirect employment in activities like restaurant suppliers, construction companies that build and maintain tourist facilities, as well as necessary infrastructure, various handicrafts producers, marketing agencies, accounting services.

Cultural exchange: Tourists from various countries with different cultural backgrounds visit Nepal. In addition to that, Nepal is a home of people with an unlike cultural frameworks from being multilingual to multireligional. Hence people can know each other more and learn about their language, art, skill, food etc.

Publicity of nation: Nepal is a small country and has not made a remarkable name in the world scenario. Tourism helps to publicize the country around the world so that more people know Nepal and its authentic beauty. It helps to publicize Nepalese art, skills, tradition, culture and hospitality to the world.

Places to Visit in Nepal | Famous places in Nepal | Most Beautiful Places in Nepal

Tourism in Nepal

There are several places that are famous among the tourists in Nepal. Some of them are listed below:

Kathmandu: Pashupatinath Temple, Swayambhunath, Boudhanath, Kathmandu Durbar Square, Thamel, Garden of Dreams, Narayanhiti Palace, Kopan Monastery, Phulchowki, Taudaha Lake, The Last Resort, Casinos

Bhaktapur: Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Changunarayan, 55 window palace, Nyatapola Temple, Siddha Pokhari, Nagarkot

Lalitpur: Patan Durbar Square, Patan museum, Krishna Mandir, Golden Temple

Kavrepalanchowk: Dhulikhel, Palanchowk Bhagwati

Lumbini: Mayadevi Temple, World Peace Pagoda, Thai Monastery, Eternal Peace Flame, Korean Temple 

Pokhara: Annapurna Basecamp Trek, Tibetan Refugee Camp, Rupa Tal, Rara Tal, Begnas Tal, Phewa Tal, Sarangkot, Pokhara Shanti Stupa, International Mountain Museum, Gupteshwar Mahadev Cave, Devi’s Fall, Annapurna Butterfly Museum, Mahendra Cave, Ghorepani Hill 

Chitwan: Chitwan National Park, Ranipokhari, Bish Hazari Tal, Jalbire waterfall, Chiraichuli Hill

Mustang: Muktinath Temple, Jomsom, Ghar Gompa, Kali Gandaki River, Bara Gaon, Marpha Monastery

Manang: Tilicho Lake, Thorang La Pass

Solukhumbu: Everest Base Camp, Tengboche Monastery, Gokyo Lake, Khumbu Glacier, Namche Bazaar, Kalapattar, Thukla Pass, Sagarmatha National Park

Makwanpur: Chitlang, Kulekhani Dam, Daman

Janakpur: Janaki Mandir, Ram Mandir, Rolwaling valley, Jaleshwar, Ram Sita Bibah Mandap

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